In the face of recurring extreme weather events and sustained violent conflict, millions of people in Somalia depend on life-saving humanitarian assistance. While the German development cooperation primarily aims to improve the living conditions and resilience of the local population in the long run, humanitarian aid focuses on the immediate needs of people in acute hardship. For years, Germany has been one of the five largest humanitarian donors to Somalia. In 2017, Germany provided over 140 million EUR (170 million USD) in humanitarian aid for the Horn of Africa, with 96 million EUR (almost 120 million USD) dedicated to Somalia alone. With this contribution, Germany supported the joint effort of the Somali authorities, civil society and international partners to effectively prevent another famine, despite one of the most severe droughts in decades. This year, Somalia is facing yet another set of enormous challenges: the COVID-19 pandemic, widespread floods, and the worst desert locust invasion in 25 years form a ‘triple threat’, which combined could have devastating humanitarian consequences. In 2020, Germany has so far committed approximately 57.6 million EUR for humanitarian aid. Moreover, Germany is providing a humanitarian package of 300 million EUR to fight the COVID-19 pandemic worldwide, which is also benefitting Somalia. Germany’s contribution extends to the areas of refugee and IDP support, protection and security of civilians, food security, health, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH). Important humanitarian partners are international organizations, such as the World Food Program (WFP), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the UN refugee agency (UNHCR), the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), as well as non-governmental organizations, such as Save the Children and World Vision. For three consecutive years, Germany has also been the largest donor to the Somalia Humanitarian Fund (SHF), an UN-managed pooled fund that provides funds for life-saving assistance, while prioritizing national NGOs.