In the face of recurring droughts and continuing violent conflict, millions of people in Somalia depend on life-saving humanitarian assistance. While the German development cooperation [BR(p)1] primarily aims to improve the living conditions and resilience of the local population in the long run, humanitarian aid focuses on people in acute hardship. For years, Germany has been one of the five largest humanitarian donors to Somalia. In 2017, Germany provided over 140 million EUR (170 million USD) in humanitarian aid at the Horn of Africa, with 96 million EUR (almost 120 million USD) in Somalia alone. With this contribution, Germany helped the joint effort of the Somali authorities, civil society and international partners to effectively prevent another famine, despite one of the most severe droughts in decades. Germany’s contribution extends to the areas of refugee and IDP support, protection and security of civilians, food security, health, education, as well as Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH). In the specific Somali context of a pastoralist society, the important issue of animal health is also included in the German humanitarian portfolio, as is humanitarian demining. Important humanitarian partners are international organizations, such as the World Food Program (WFP), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the UN refugee agency (UNHCR), the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), as well as non-governmental organizations, such as Save the Children and Diakonie Katastrophenhilfe.