Political Affairs


Germany’s guidelines for Africa

The Federal Government Policy Guidelines for Africa, developed by the Federal Foreign Office in 2017, set out approaches for taking opportunities, tackling risks and overcoming crises. Developments such as  global migration movements of recent times are just one of many examples of the fact that developments on the African continent can have a direct impact on Germany and Europe within the shortest space of time.

Africa is also a continent full of opportunities. Its demographic development, wealth of natural resources and growing middle class have the potential to give rise to gigantic growth markets in the near future. Democratic institutions have been shored up in many countries. A considerable number of countries are assuming responsibility and are working to resolve conflicts peacefully within the framework of the African Union and other regional organisations. However, many African nations also continue to face great challenges and risks. Growing poverty, systematic human rights violations, violence, environmental degradation and corruption are threatening the development, security and stability of entire regions.

The Federal Government’s Africa strategy takes a comprehensive, networked approach in its response to rapid change and the risks and opportunities of these developments. The instruments of Germany’s policy on Africa, such as humanitarian assistance, peace missions and development projects, are closely coordinated to this end. In concert with its European partners, the Federal Government is acting in a decisive and substantive manner that is based on values and human rights and is geared towards mutual interests.


Political Relations with Kenya

The political relations between Germany and Kenya date back to 1963 when the former Democratic Republic of Germany was the first foreign nation to recognise the new state of the Republic of Kenya after its independence. Today, the bilateral collaboration covers a wide range of areas such as political dialogue, partnership on external policy issues, support for Kenyan institutions, development cooperation or even police cooperation. The German Embassy in Nairobi is the main point of communication between the Government of Kenya and the different German Federal Ministries. Its staff coordinates various project activities together with Kenyan and international partners on the spot, participates in the EU-Kenya political dialogue and interacts with several state and non-state actors such as churches or non-governmental organisations. The Embassy also observes and reports on significant political developments in the country.

There is a constant dialogue with the different political parties in the Kenyan Parliament. Part of the political relations is also to coordinate the position of both countries on international issues such as UN dossiers. The Embassy also facilitates high-level incoming visits from Germany and supports the exchange between Kenyan and German political institutions such as foundations or Members of Parliament. In 2015, Federal Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier came to Kenya for an official visit, and in 2016 H.E. President Uhuru Kenyatta paid a visit to Berlin.

Promoting Human Rights 

The promotion of human rights is one of the pillars of German foreign policy around the globe. We believe that security, stability and, eventually, economic development and prosperity cannot flourish without the observance and respect for human rights. In this regard, it is right to say that the work for human rights is not only a moral and legal obligation, but it lies in Germany’s fundamental interests. With its Bill of Rights in Chapter 4, Kenya’s Constitution is one of the most progressive in the world. Germany partners with the Kenyan Government, religious institutions as well as the civil society to work for its realization.

A crucial role in this regard play Human Rights Defenders. Based on the United Nations Declaration on Human Rights Defenders (1999), support for human rights defenders is a long established policy objective of Germany and the European Union. Human rights defenders are those individuals, groups and organs of society that promote and protect universally recognised human rights and fundamental freedoms.




Humanitarian  Assistance

Humanitarian assistance supports those who were subject to natural disasters, epidemics or conflicts or are in danger to be so. The Federal Republic of Germany is one of the most important humanitarian partners and takes part in the main decision-making bodies in the UN. According to the principle of subsidiarity, the government of the affected state has the responsibility for the protection of their citizens. International aid takes over when the government is unable or unwilling to act upon their responsibility sufficiently.

The main focus of our humanitarian assistance in Kenya is the support of refugees, coming mostly from Somalia and South Sudan, who are situated in refugee camps in Dadaab (around 233,000) and Kakuma (around 160,000). The work of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) was funded with 3.5 million Euros in 2017 for this cause, as well as the work of the World Food Program of the UN (WFP) with 11.5 million Euros. UNICEF was supported with 3 million Euros for its projects in Kenya. Furthermore, several non-government organizations and church organizations received 2.6 million Euros. Some of the supported projects are conducted not only in Kenya, but also in Somalia.






Germany’s candidacy for a seat on the Security Council in 2019/20

Germany is seeking to become a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, the elections are expected to take place at the General Assembly in June 2018. This renewed candidature (we were last a member of the Security Council in 2011/12) is a demonstration of our political will to make an active contribution to peace and security in the face of all the challenges which the Security Council has to address.

Germany has been contributing both personnel and funding to peace missions for almost 30 years now. Conflict prevention, stabilisation, post-conflict peacebuilding and arms control are among the pillars of our foreign policy. Germany is also committed to a functioning, values-based global order. Human rights are the foundation of our global coexistence. Gender equality and the self-determination of all women and girls, social inclusion as well as economic, social and cultural rights are among the fundamental values which we stand up for around the globe each and every day.

One of our main concerns is climate policy. As a founding member of the United Nations Environment Programme, we share our wide range of experiences and ambitions as a pioneer in the area of renewable energies. Equal and high‑quality education for all children and young people is another of our top priorities.

Germany is the world’s partner. To us, partnership means working with other nations on an equal footing. Germany wants and is able to help to give the world a more humane face. This includes treating refugees justly and humanely.


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